Human activity and posture recognition are the fascinating and crucial research topic in computer vision because of its promising applications in the zones of individual medicinal services, natural mindfulness, human-computer interface, and security surveillance systems. Human Posture Recognition is a vital part of numerous application-oriented computer vision frameworks, for example, in an automated surveillance system, car security, human-computer interface, signal, and media processing. Tracking human activity is a significant part of any AI video reconnaissance framework. It is utilized to follow any recently recognized human for the mapping or expectation reason or basically for social analysis.
Why do we need Human Activity/Posture recognition systems?
Activity recognition systems are an enormous field of innovative work, at present with an emphasis on cutting edge AI algorithms, advancements in the field of hardware design, and on diminishing the expenses of checking while at the same time expanding security and wellbeing.
We can classify such applications into dynamic and helped living frameworks for intelligent homes, human Medicare and health maintenance applications, security and surveillance frameworks for inside and outside exercises, and telecommunication applications. Inside these classifications, the applications are grouped by the technology utilized for perceiving human conduct, precisely, in light of visual, non-visual, and multimodal sensor innovation.
Working on Activity/Posture Recognition System
Human activity and posture recognition the exceedingly unique and innovative research subject. It goes for deciding the exercises of an individual or a gathering of people dependent on the sensor or potentially video information, just as on learning about the setting inside which the watched practices occur. In the perfect case, an action perceived as paying little respect the earth it is performed in or the performing individual.
This posture detection systems generally consist of five major steps, such as:
- Pre-processing of raw datasets through detector mechanism such as sensors
- Recognizing the crucial parts of data
- Extracting primary attributes from data to indicate activities (feature extraction)
- Isolating the highlighting features and removal of garbage data (filtering and noise reduction)
- Classification and decision-making based on machine learning algorithms
Applications of Activity Recognition Systems
During the most recent decade, there was a significant development of the number of distributions in the field of activity recognition; specifically, numerous researchers have proposed application areas to recognize specific action types or practices to achieve precise objectives in these spaces. Some of the fundamental areas of application of this technology are:
- Smart Home Assistance Applications
Advances in present-day advances have given imaginative approaches to upgrade the nature of autonomous living of old or incapacitated individuals. Dynamic and helped living frameworks to utilize AR procedures to screen and help occupants to verify their wellbeing and prosperity.
- Health Monitoring Systems
Primarily, healthcare monitoring systems are structured dependent on the collaboration of at least one AR segments, for example, fall identification, human posture tracking, security caution, and intellectual help parts. A large portion of the healthcare frameworks uses body-worn and connected sensors that are put on patient’s bodies and in their condition.
- Security and Surveillance applications
Human administrators operate traditional surveillance systems. They ought to be persistently mindful of the social exercises that are watched using the camera angles. An expanding number of camera positions and perspectives makes the administrators’ work progressively distressing and, thus, prompts diminishing their efficiency levels. Therefore, security firms are looking for assistance from vision-based advances to mechanize the human administrator forms and identify redundancies in the camera.